This List of 30 Officers and Men of the Frigate Virginia captured on 31 March 1778 and entered on the muster of HMS Richmond (ADM 36/7833) on 1 April 1778 was transcribed at the National Archives in Kew, England by Joseph and Joshua Ross in February 2014. All were subsequently entered on the muster of HMS St. Albans on 13 April 1778 which carried the remaining prisoners not exchanged on 11 April 1778 to New York City where they were distributed among the prison ships Judith, Preston and Thunder Bomb.
The 30-gun Continental frigate Virginia (James Nicholson) was taken without a fight on Tuesday 31 March 1778 by British frigates Emerald and Richmond after losing her rudder and running aground in the Chesapeake Bay while attempting to evade the enemy. According to Emerald’s Captain Benjamin Caldwell, the frigate Richmond joined the Emerald at ten in the morning and “at Noon employed bringing the Prisoners onboard.” The Journal of Captain John Lewis Gidoin concurs with Caldwell’s account that the afternoon was spent with “Boats Empd [employed] bringing prisoners from the Virginia”. The day was also noted for the death of Richmond’s carpenter William Stubbs.
Joshua William Morgan
John Baptist Roberts
Peter duRask (Kask)